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Instrument Overview

picture of a euphonium

The euphonium (pronounced "you-phone-ee-um") is a member of the brass instrument family. You may also hear this instrument called the "baritone horn". (Technically the baritone horn is a slightly different instrument, but it is very similar to the euphonium and is played the same way.) Producing a sound on the euphonium requires vibrating -- "buzzing" -- the lips into a metal mouthpiece. A student model euphonium has three valves, which are operated by the player's right hand. More advanced musicians often trade-up to a model with four valves.

The euphonium is a great starting instrument for people who like low sounds and especially for anyone who may want to someday play a tuba, since the euphonium is essentially a smaller version of the tuba.

Music for euphonium is often available in treble clef (to make it easier for people who switch to euphonium from trumpet). When starting on the euphonium, however, it's best to learn to read music in bass clef since that is the clef for most euphonium literature.

Other Resources

Euphonium Facts

  • Instrument Family: Brass
  • Key: C (concert pitch) - sound matches the written note
  • Clef: bass clef
  • Reputable Student Brands Include: Yamaha, Jupiter, Holton